Biography of Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jailani
Shaykh Abdul Qadir Al-Gilani was born in 1077, in Nif, Persia. His father was Abu Salih Musa al-Hasani , a descendant of Hazrat Imam Hasan ,
Shaykh Abdul Qadir Al-Gilani’s mother was the daughter of Abdullah Sawmai , a descendant of Imam Husain .Thus, Shaykh Abdul Qadir Al-Gilani was both Hasani and Hussaini.
In A.H. 488, at the age of eighteen, he left his native province to become a student in the great capital city of Baghdaad, the hub of political, commercial and cultural activity, and the centre of religious learning in the world of Islam. After studying traditional sciences under such teachers as the prominent Hanbalii jurist [faqiih], Abu Sa’d ‘Ali al-Mukharrimii , he encountered a more spiritually oriented instructor in the saintly person of Abu’l-Khair Hammaad ad-Dabbaas .
Then, instead of embarking on his own professorial career, he abandoned the city and spent twenty-five years as a wanderer in the desert regions of ‘Iraaq. He was over fifty years old by the time he returned to Baghdaad, in A.H. 521/1127 C.E., and began to preach in public. His hearers were profoundly affected by the style and content of his lectures, and his reputation grew and spread through all sections of society. He moved into the school [madrasa] belonging to his old teacher al-Mukharrimii , but the premises eventually proved inadequate.
In A.H. 528, pious donations were applied to the construction of a residence and guesthouse [ribaat], capable of housing the Shaykh and his large family, as well as providing accommodation for his pupils and space for those who came from far and wide to attend his regular sessions [majaalis].
He lived to a ripe old age, and continued his work until his very last breath, as we know from the accounts of his final moments recorded in the Addendum to Revelations of the Unseen.
Shaykh Abdul Qadir Al Gilani died in the evening on Saturday 1166 (11 Rabi’us sani 561AH) at the age of ninety-one years (by the Islamic calendar). His body was entombed in a shrine within his madrassa in Babul-Sheikh, Resafa (East bank of the Tigris) in Baghdad, Iraq.
Source: Suhbah Booklet 2013